2012-09-18 | 作者:

2012全球最有道德之企業

「企業以營利為目的」的時代已經逐漸過去,取而代之的是「企業以永續發展為目的」!企業在追求極大利
潤化的同時,也能兼顧企業的永續發展以及商業道德行 為。ETHISPHERE組織每年評選出世界最具道德的
企業,按照不同的產業在2012年共有145家企業獲選,這些企業不僅在獲利模式中有很好的表現, 也非常
具有商業道德,成為企業永續發展的指標企業。

ETHISPHERE評選的方法「倫理商數」的理論架構由五個領域所組成,各領域之定義與相關衡量如下:

一、倫理與合規計畫(25%)

此領域之標準參考了美國聯邦宣判指南,力求兼具有效實施、相關判例法以及涉及倫理的合規計畫,有下列
項目:

  1. 計畫的架構、責任與資源
  2. 計畫的監督與高層的態度
  3. 書面標準
  4. 訓練及溝通
  5. 適當照顧
  6. 監管與審計
  7. 執法與紀律

二、名聲、領導與革新(20%)

這個領域衡量一間公司在守法、訴訟、倫理紀錄以及市場名聲的表現。不但將獎項與榮譽列入考量,如果在
地區、產業、國家、國際的層級上,有提升商業倫理、商業永續活動、環境管理、良好公司治理、公開透明
度以及社會責任方面有帶頭的作用,也會被列入考量。設立標準與引領思潮很重要,但最重要的還是品質與
革新,牽涉到在公司規模、產業、與同業的比較表現等條件下與利害關係人的關係。而領導與革新在本調查
中的每個部份都屬於銓重較重的評分點,不限於某一部分。

三、公司治理(10%)

這個領域是在審視企業是否具備強而有力的治理體制與其素質(根據美國量刑委員會、美國證券交易委員會
與其他機構的定義)。此領域牽涉到,監督,治理原則、危機管理,實際管理的執行能力也列入評比。治理
的標準會因需要而調整,而且適用於私人企業、合作關係、教育機構以及非營利組織。

四、企業公民及相關責任(25%)

這個領域審視許多的企業績效指標,當中含有永續發展、公民權、社會責任,且社會責任方面包括了環境管
理、社區參與、企業慈善、工作場所與福利、供應鏈與監督。除了可衡量的目標、責任
(accountability)、公開透明度外,實行措施的品質與效率也會列入考量。

五、倫理文化

審視企業組織的倫理文化,會考量到被廣泛接受的規範以及不被接受的規範,因為規範會影響行為。企業該
採納新的文化,作為基本的準則,並且予以實踐。

資料來源:http://www.ethisphere.com/worlds-most-ethical-companies-methodology/

2012 World’s Most Ethical Companies

Aerospace and Defense
Rockwell Collins USA
The Aerospace Corporation USA
Agriculture
Ethical Fruit Company Ltd UK
Apparel
Comme Il Faut Israel
Gap Inc USA
Patagonia USA
Timberland USA
Automotive
Cummins Inc. USA
Ford Motor Company USA
Johnson Controls, Inc. USA
Banking
National Australia Bank Australia
Old National Bank USA
Rabobank Netherlands
Standard Chartered Bank UK
Westpac Group Australia
Business Services
Accenture Ireland
Dun & Bradstreet USA
Noblis USA
Paychex, Inc. USA
William E. Connor & Associates Ltd. Hong Kong
Chemicals
Ecolab, Inc. USA
Pantheon Enterprises USA
Computer Hardware
Hitachi Data Systems USA
Intel Corporation USA
Computer Software
Adobe Systems USA
Microsoft USA
Salesforce.com USA
Symantec Corporation USA
Teradata Corporation USA
Wipro Ltd India
Construction
CRH plc Ireland
Granite Construction Inc USA
Consumer Electronics
Electrolux Sweden
Ricoh Japan
Texas Instruments USA
Xerox Corporation USA
Consumer Products
Colgate-Palmolive Company USA
Hasbro, Inc. USA
Henkel AG & Co. KGaA Germany
Kao Corporation Japan
Kimberly-Clark Corporation USA
Diversified Industries
General Electric Co. USA
E-commerce
eBay Inc. USA
Electronics
Applied Materials, Inc. USA
Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. USA
Premier Farnell plc UK
Rockwell Automation USA
Energy and Utilities: Natural Gas
Encana Corporation Canada
NiSource Inc. USA
Sempra Energy USA
Spectra Energy Corp USA
Energy and Utilities: Electric
EDP Energias de Portugal Portugal
ENMAX Corporation Canada
National Grid UK/USA
Energy and Utilities: Wind
Vestas Wind Denmark
Energy and Utlities: Water
Northumbrian Water Group UK
Energy: Oil
Alyeska Pipeline Service Company USA
Statoil Norway
Engineering and Design
AECOM Technology Corp USA
CH2M HILL USA
Fluor Corporation USA
Parsons Corporation USA
Environmental Services
Waste Management USA
Financial Services
American Express USA
NYSE Euronext USA/Netherlands
The Hartford Financial Services Group USA
Thrivent Financial for Lutherans USA
TSYS USA
Food and Beverage
Kellogg Company USA
PepsiCo USA
Solae, LLC USA
Stonyfield USA
Food Service
Aramark USA
Forestry, Paper and Packaging
International Paper USA
SCA Sweden
Stora Enso Finland
Weyerhaeuser Company USA
Health and Beauty
L’ORÉAL France
Natura Cosmeticos Brazil
Shiseido Co Japan
Healthcare Services
Baptist Health South Florida USA
Hospital Corporation of America USA
Novation USA
Premier Inc USA
University Hospitals USA
Industrial Manufacturing
Deere & Company USA
Eaton Corporation USA
Honeywell International Inc. USA
Kennametal Inc. USA
Milliken & Company USA
Schneider Electric France
The Timken Company USA
Insurance: Brokerage
Arthur J. Gallagher & Co. USA
Insurance: Health
Aflac Inc. USA
Blue Cross Blue Shield of North Carolina USA
Blue Shield of California USA
Wisconsin Physicians Service Insurance Corporation USA
Insurance: Property and Casualty
Sompo Japan Insurance Inc. Japan
The Progressive Group of Insurance Companies USA
Tokio Marine Holdings, Inc. Japan
Insurance: Reinsurance
Swiss Re Switzerland
Leisure and Hospitality
Holland America Line USA
Kimpton Hotels USA
Marriott International, Inc. USA
The Rezidor Hotel Group Belgium
Seabourn USA
Media
Thomson Reuters US/UK
Time Warner Inc. USA
Medical Devices
Becton Dickinson USA
Coloplast Denmark
Henry Schein, Inc. USA
Royal Philips Netherlands
Metals and Mining
Alcoa USA
The Mosaic Company USA
Tata Steel Ltd India
Umicore Belgium
Pharmaceuticals and Biotechnology
Medicis Pharmaceutical Corporation USA
Professional, Scientific and Technical Services
Concurrent Technologies Corporation USA
SRA International, Inc. USA
Real Estate
British Land plc UK
Jones Lang LaSalle Inc USA
Realogy Corporation USA
Restaurants and Cafes
Starbucks Coffee Company USA
Retail: Food Stores
Kesko Finland
Safeway Inc. USA
SONAE Portugal
The Co-operative Group UK
Wegmans USA
Whole Foods Market, Inc. USA
Retail: General
Costco USA
Marks and Spencer UK
Target USA
Retail: Specialty
Best Buy Co., Inc. USA
OfficeMax USA
Petco USA
Ten Thousand Villages USA
Staffing Services
ManpowerGroup USA
Telecommunications Equipment
Cisco Systems USA
Juniper Networks USA
Telecommunications Services
Portugal Telecom Portugal
SingTel Singapore
T-Mobile USA, Inc. USA
Transportation and Logistics
Nippon Yusen Kabushiki Kaisha Japan
Panama Canal Authority Panama
UPS USA